### Basic Facts

Children should be able to make sense of addition and multiplication before they try to

#### Further Information

memorise their tables. When they do understand, it is important that they over learn their basic facts, so they have instant recall.

To help children make the connections it is important to use every day vocabulary. e.g. For multiplication using everyday objects or subjects talk about groups of, teams of, packets of, piles of etc. For division talk about sharing evenly, share between, how many sets of etc.

Basic facts are progressive. Your child will know what basic fact they are learning. If they appear unsure, please check with their teacher.

Compatible facts that equal 10    Compatible facts that equal 20            Multiplication Facts    Division Facts
4 + 6 = 10                                    13 + 7 = 20                                           2 times tables            12÷2=6
2 + 8 = 10 etc                                4 + 16 = 20 etc                                   5 times tables             15÷5=3
10 times tables             60÷10=6
Doubles and Near Doubles         Addition and Subtraction facts to 20    3 times tables             24÷3=8
6 + 6 = 12                                     20 - 6 = 14                                          4 times tables             16÷4=4
6 + 7 = 13                                     5 + 15 = 20                                         6 times tables              72÷6=9
8 + 8 = 16                                    20 - 13 = 7 etc                                     7 times tables              49÷7=7
8 + 9 = 17 etc                                                                                          8 times tables              96÷8=12
9 times tables              63÷9=7
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